Sunday, June 5, 2016

Utah's Prehistoric People-HTEP2

History Tidbits Episode 2-Utah's Prehistoric People
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The Early peoples of Utah are estimated to have began around 11,000 B.C.1, a short while after the ice age ended, they are referred to today as Paleo-Indian. The Paleo-Indian were mostly nomadic, hunted “mammoths, giant sloths, camels, giant bison, and other animals that are now extinct”, and “gathered seeds, berries, and other plants”. They made refuge along streams and the Great Salt Lake where they could find more of a variety of foods including cattails, roots, birds, rabbits, and fish.2

The Fremont cultures of Utah seem to have had a large role in Utah’s history. The Uintah Fremont culture began around 500 A.D. and lasted until 950 A.D., Approximately. The Duchesne Fremont culture however, is the most significant of the Fremont’s. Their existence was from 700 A.D. to 1200 A.D. They developed a higher standard of living by combining agriculture, hunting, and gathering lifestyles. They developed a system of irrigating, some ditches were miles long.3

As time passed, the Fremont’s changed and evolved, eventually forming into the Ute’s. The Ute’s have a rich history in Utah and Colorado but perhaps one of the most significant advances obtained by the Ute’s was the gain of the horse. In 1680 there was an uprising by the Pueblo Indians against the Spaniards, which is known as the Pueblo Revolt. Due to the Revolt, 7000 head of horses were abandoned by the Spanish when they fled down the Rio Grande. Over the years the horse spread to the plains where the Ute eventually received them.4

The possession of the horse transformed the Ute’s from a pedestrian people to an equestrian people. It made them more efficient in their day to day living. Hunting became better because it allowed them to cover more land in a shorter period of time which led to them becoming more successful on their kills, it allowed them to increase the size of their band whereas before one could only goes as fast as ones slowest member and it helped them to develop into a warrior society by allowing them to fight from horseback and have the speed to keep up with an enemy.5

Native Americans had one of the biggest impacts on Utah and its history. They were the first here and they knew how to work the land. Working the land was and still is one of the most important skills one can have. We grow and hunt food with skills that the Indians used throughout the past centuries.
1. Utah 24
2. Utah State History. “Utah's Prehistory in a Nutshell.” 11 Apr 2009

3. Barton, John. “Ute Lands and People.” Unpublished Manuscript
4. Barton, John. “Lecture 1A.” Viewed on Blackboard 11 Apr 2009.
5. Barton, John. “Lecture 1A.” Viewed on Blackboard 11 Apr 2009.

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